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Known as a a shebang or a bang line, this is just the characters at the very start of a Linux script. It is simply a hash or number sign followed by an exclamation point character (#!). This is then followed by the full path to the interpreter, for example /bin/bash Think of it as … READ MORE

What is a shebang in Linux?

If you need to execute a shell script and can’t get your head around the conflicting information out there, I’ll try to clear things up. There are quite a few ways to execute a shell script and each has its pros and cons. If you are coming from a Windows environment where the file extension … READ MORE

Four ways to execute a shell script

I have had quite a few customers calling over the years to say that they cannot find unread emails in their Gmail inbox. It’s a common complaint and one which I have found can be quickly cured by doing the following. Logon to Gmail in your browser (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari etc). Go to … READ MORE

Cannot find unread emails in Gmail inbox

Being asked often about where to find the lowest priced Norton Antivirus renewal made me come up with this article. Symantec offer a renewal by credit card that is often too pricey for most people. With Norton Anti-virus being a capable product, it’s a shame to uninstall it so here are a few tips to … READ MORE

Lowest prices on Norton Antivirus renewals

If you need to install the excellent mod_geoip2 extension for Apache2 then it can be done fairly painlessly. First off, we need to make sure that we have gcc installed:

  If you don’t have it then you could ‘yum install gcc’, but I prefer to install all development tools because they include gcc … READ MORE

Install mod_GeoIP2 on Apache2 in CentOS 7

  If you’re looking through WHM’s process manager and you see [email protected] mentioned as one of the processes, don’t be alarmed. It’s perfectly normal and it’s definitely not some hacker called ‘Notty’ who has suddenly got root permissions. Be honest, you’re here because you thought that 😉 You may also have seen sshd: [email protected] in … READ MORE

Who or what is root@notty?

Yes, you can use a Linux boot CD to repair a Windows NTFS disk fault. Linux ships with a utility called badblocks. Badblocks is a Linux command in its own right that has several different modes to be able to detect bad sectors on our hard disk. Once found, it saves the references to these … READ MORE

Use linux boot disk to repair a Windows NTFS disk fault

These are the instructions to follow when renewing the licence on Kaspersky Internet Security. I’ll presume that you have a new licence key to hand from a recent version and that the product is the same (eg not Kaspersky Pure etc). If you don’t have a new licence yet, you’ll find them for sale at … READ MORE

Kaspersky Internet Security licence renewal instructions